[7 min read] Laser for hair and tattoo removal

hair and tattoo removal

In contemporary aesthetic medicine, laser treatments are a popular method for permanent hair and tattoo removal. Various types of lasers are in use for this purpose. They incorporate different technologies and characteristics with varying wavelengths and energy penetration potentials. However, all hair and tattoo removal laser devices reach deep into the skin to damage hair follicles and break down the tattoo ink. Continue reading “[7 min read] Laser for hair and tattoo removal”

[8 min read] Chemical peels in the primary care setting

chemical peels

Chemical peels are the minimally invasive cosmetic treatment that utilises the skin’s natural regenerative potential. Therefore, they work similarly to other popular aesthetic procedures, such as laser skin resurfacing and RF microneedling.

Safe application in primary care requires an understanding of the wound healing process.

Adequate training in this technique enables the practitioners to recognise and manage potential complications. It also provides necessary knowledge about various exfoliating agents.

What are chemical peels?

A chemical peeling procedure uses chemical agents to remove the epidermis and sometimes the dermis as well. The technique helps the skin’s natural regenerative cycle and provokes a healing response. Newly-formed tissue layers usually show improvements in superficial scars, lesions, pigmentary changes, fine lines, wrinkles, and so on.

The procedure

The practitioner applies the appropriate exfoliating agent on clean skin, waits the necessary amount of time and then removes the agent with water or a neutraliser, depending on the acid used.

Post-procedure, the treated skin is temporarily sensitive. However, once the healing process is over, the “new” skin is smoother and tighter. The pores and signs of damage are less prominent too.

Side effects are rare, although harsher chemical agents can cause permanent skin discolouration, scarring, and reactivation of cold sores.

Types of chemical peels

Chemical agents of different strengths exfoliate the skin at different depths. According to this, we differentiate three types of chemical peels:

  1. Superficial peels – Alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) and salicylic acid gently exfoliate the skin. Such peeling agents do not penetrate deep into the skin. They remove dead skin cells from the surface (stratum corneum) and slightly improve discolouration and skin texture.
  2. Medium peels – Glycolic or Trichloroacetic (<50%) acid exfoliants can improve moderate skin issues, such as age spots, fine lines, freckles, and actinic keratosis. Medium peels affect the epidermis and, rarely, the papillary dermis.
  3. Deep peels – Aggressive peeling agents, such as phenol and Trichloroacetic acid (>50%), reach into the dermis and remove damaged skin cells, improving the appearance of deep scars. Deep peels are done on the face and only once. One session is enough to remove age spots, freckles, and some wrinkles.


The indications for chemical peels include skin issues commonly treated in both aesthetic medicine and dermatology. These include, but are not limited to:

  • Acne and acne scars
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
  • Wrinkles
  • Enlarged pores
  • Surgical scars
  • Melasma
  • Ephelides
  • Solar lentigines
  • Milium
  • Lichen planus
  • Ichthyosis
  • Seborrheic and actinic (solar) keratosis

Pre-treatment assessment

Quality management of patient’s expectations in the best possible way before the procedure is essential. Also, physicians should do a general skin check-up and go through medical history. The no-go signs are too much sun damage, keloid scars, and infections.

Pre-treatment and post-treatment photographs are a must, and getting a signed consent is highly recommended.


Chemical peels are not advisable for pregnant and breastfeeding women and patients with a compromised immune system function. History of keloid scars and radiation therapy is also a contraindication.

Potential side effects

Side effects related to this procedure are rare, but the probability increases with deeper peels. The most common side effects include redness, irritation, and sensitivity.

Other, less common, side effects include:

  • Infections
  • Oedema
  • Erosions
  • Ulcers
  • Pigmentation issues
  • Vesicles
  • Capillary dilation

Scar formation and allergic reactions are also possible.

Recommended aftercare

Quality sun protection is an absolute must, regardless of the peeling type.

A follow-up appointment can help determine if recovery is moving in the right direction. Deeper peels require substantial recovery time and, occasionally, medical attention.

Learn more with the Certificate Courses in Aesthetic Medicine

Aesthetic Medicine Certificate Courses in Australia

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  • Samargandy S, Raggio BS. Skin Resurfacing Chemical Peels. 2021 Jul 25. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021 Jan–. PMID: 31613532.
  • Truchuelo M, Cerdá P, Fernández LF. Chemical Peeling: A Useful Tool in the Office. Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2017 May;108(4):315-322. English, Spanish. doi: 10.1016/j.ad.2016.09.014. Epub 2016 Dec 5. PMID: 27931952.
  • Al-Talib H, Al-Khateeb A, Hameed A, Murugaiah C. Efficacy and safety of superficial chemical peeling in treatment of active acne vulgaris. A Bras Dermatol. 2017 Mar-Apr;92(2):212-216. DOI: 10.1590/abd1806-4841.20175273. PMID: 28538881; PMCID: PMC5429107.

[7 min read] Safe practice of botulinum toxin


Botulinum toxin injections are among the most popular non-invasive procedures in aesthetic medicine today. The treatment improves most ageing signs caused by repetitive movement of facial muscles, with no downtime. However, the effects are temporary. Continue reading “[7 min read] Safe practice of botulinum toxin”

[7 min read] Planning a cosmetic procedure

planning a cosmetic procedure

Most patients who choose to undergo a minimally invasive cosmetic procedure, such as anti-wrinkle injections, dermal fillers, or thread lifts, do so for aesthetic rather than health-related reasons. That is why the practitioners have two main goals: to not harm patients’ health and to manage their expectations in the best possible way. Continue reading “[7 min read] Planning a cosmetic procedure”

[Podcast] Integrating aesthetic services into a skin cancer practice | Conversations with Prof David Wilkinson

aesthetic services

Welcome to this podcast series, Conversations with Professor David Wilkinson! In this episode, Professor David Wilkinson (Deputy Vice-Chancellor at Macquarie University) speaks with Dr Stephen Wassall – who works as a Skin Cancer & Aesthetic Medicine Doctor in a dedicated primary care clinic in New South Wales – about his journey integrating aesthetic services into a skin cancer or primary care practice. Continue reading “[Podcast] Integrating aesthetic services into a skin cancer practice | Conversations with Prof David Wilkinson”

[Podcast] Delayed inflammatory reactions

Delayed Inflammatory Reactions

In this latest podcast, Elena Currie (Co-founder, Aesthetic MET) talks about delayed inflammatory reactions, including what causes them, what symptoms patients can experience, and how long after treatment the symptoms may appear.
Continue reading “[Podcast] Delayed inflammatory reactions”

[4 min read] Laser skin resurfacing

laser skin resurfacing

Laser skin resurfacing is an aesthetic procedure that rejuvenates the skin and treats various superficial irregularities, such as: Continue reading “[4 min read] Laser skin resurfacing”

[6 min read] Application of Hyaluronidase in aesthetic medicine


Hyaluronic acid (HA) dermal fillers are routinely used in aesthetic medicine today. They are the most popular non-surgical, minimally invasive treatment for the lack of skin volume and the resulting aesthetic issues, such as: Continue reading “[6 min read] Application of Hyaluronidase in aesthetic medicine”

[Podcast] Aesthetic consultations: Psychological conditions & body dysmorphia

body dysmorphia

In this latest podcast, Elena Currie (Co-founder, Aesthetic MET) talks about aesthetic consultations and how to manage the problem of psychological conditions and body dysmorphia among your patients.
Continue reading “[Podcast] Aesthetic consultations: Psychological conditions & body dysmorphia”

[7 min read] Performing a thread lift in primary care

thread lift

Minimally invasive procedures have revolutionised aesthetic medicine in recent decades. Treatments such as anti-wrinkle injections and dermal filler injections have significantly reduced the need for surgery. They also made it possible for practitioners in primary care to provide anti-ageing services. Continue reading “[7 min read] Performing a thread lift in primary care”