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Do over-the-counter cleansers help relieve symptoms of acne? Over-the-counter cleansers and washers are common interventions in acne vulgaris but the clinical evidence for their benefit is poorly understood. Continue reading “[3 min read] Do cleansers help relieve acne?”
With recent research suggesting that melasma may have a vascular component, vascular-targeting lasers and light therapies may be a therapeutic option that will benefit patients who suffer from the skin condition in which brown patches appear on the face. Continue reading “[3 min read] Which laser therapy is best for treating melasma?”
Does consuming milk increase a person’s risk for developing acne? Acne is a common skin condition in developed countries with western diets, and the effect of milk on on the skin condition has been highly controversial. To examine the association between milk consumption and acne risk, Chinese researchers conducted a meta-analysis of available data.
Do patients with alopecia areata have an increased prevalence of vitamin D deficiency? Alopecia areata is a hair follicle‐specific autoimmune disorder, and vitamin D deficiency has been associated with various autoimmune disorders for its immunomodulatory effects. However, studies have found an inconsistent association found between alopecia and vitamin D deficiency.
A new study published in the Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology aimed to demonstrate the differences of the mean serum 25‐hydroxyvitamin D level and prevalence of vitamin D deficiency between alopecia areata patients and the non‐alopecia population.
The study compared the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes for adult patients with and without atopic dermatitis by searching the PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases. Overall, 16 publications were included in the analysis.
No association was observed between atopic dermatitis and unspecified but suspected type 2 diabetes, hypertension, stroke or myocardial infarction, but a positive association was observed with angina pectoris.
The study concluded that, while adults with atopic dermatitis in some populations have an increased prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, such as obesity and smoking, it is unlikely that atopic dermatitis represents an independent and clinically relevant risk factor for cardiometabolic disease.
Thyssen, J. , Halling‐Overgaard, A. , Andersen, Y. , Gislason, G. , Skov, L. and Egeberg, A. (2018), The association with cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes in adults with atopic dermatitis: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. Br J Dermatol, 178: 1272-1279. doi:10.1111/bjd.16215
Interested in General Dermatology?
The HealthCert Professional Diploma of General Dermatology will teach you how to manage all major dermatological conditions in primary care. The courses are university quality-assured, CPD-accredited and count towards multiple Master degree pathways and clinical attachment programs in Australia and overseas. The program is delivered online.
Managing alopecia areata and androgenetic alopecia is often challenging as patients may be resistant to treatments that are currently available. The use of stem cells may be a novel option for resistant cases. A study looked at the safety and efficacy of the use of autologous bone marrow derived mononuclear cells (including stem cells) as compared to follicular stems cells for the management of resistant cases of alopecia areata and androgenetic alopecia. Continue reading “[3 min read] Stem cells for the treatment of alopecia”
Do you find treatment challenging for frontal fibrosing alopecia? Its treatment regimen often mirrors other lymphocytic‐predominant cicatricial alopecia. 5‐alpha‐reductase inhibitor has been reported with some treatment success in severe cases of frontal fibrosing alopecia, so researchers recently carried out an analysis of articles published on treatment efficacy and safety of 5‐alpha‐reductase inhibitor for the treatment of the hair loss condition. Continue reading “Alopecia: 5‐alpha‐reductase inhibitor treatment”
The most widely used topical agents for the field-based treatment of multiple actinic keratoses are 5-fluorouracil and imiquimod. Their comparative effectiveness was assessed in a real-world community-based cohort study published in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.
The study compared the effectiveness of 5-fluorouracil and imiquimod in reducing risk for subsequent actinic keratoses. It identified 5,700 adults in the US who had an actinic keratosis diagnosed in 2007 and who subsequently filled a prescription for 5-fluorouracil or imiquimod. Researchers followed subjects for subsequent actinic keratoses and estimated the two-year (short-term) and five-year (long-term) differences in cumulative risk.
Pityriasis rosea is a skin rash that sometimes begins as a large spot on the chest, abdomen or back, followed by a pattern of smaller lesions. It is a self-limiting exanthematous disease associated with human herpesvirus (HHV)-6 and/or HHV-7 reactivation. In pregnant women, the condition may be associated with pregnancy complications. Continue reading “Pityriasis rosea during pegnancy”