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Pigment Changes in Patients Treated with Targeted Anticancer Agents
For patients undergoing treatment with targeted anticancer agents, what is the risk of experiencing pigment changes to the skin and hair?
A study published in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology determined the incidence and risk of patients experiencing pigment changes after undergoing therapy with anticancer drugs.
A total of 8,052 patients were included in the study. It was calculated that the overall incidences of therapy-induced pigment changes were 17.7 per cent in the skin and 21.5 per cent in the hair. The risk of experiencing pigment changes was 93.7 per cent in the skin and 20.1 per cent in the hair.
Epidermal growth factor receptor and breakpoint cluster region–Abelson inhibitors were the most common causes of pigment changes.
The study concluded that there is a significant risk of development of pigment changes during treatment with targeted anticancer therapies. It recommended that physicians should give patients appropriate counselling to minimise psychological impairment and deterioration in quality of life.
Dai, J. et al. (November 2017.) Pigmentary changes in patients treated with targeted anticancer agents: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Volume 77. Issue 5. Pages 902-910.e2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2017.06.044.
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